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Head of a Young Girl in a Bonnet embroidery

Head of a Young Girl in a Bonnet

That so many English vestments of this
early time are to be found abroad, need not
surprise us. There is documentary evidence
of some having been thus destined from the
first. For example, Edward I. made a gift
to Pope Boniface VIII. vi z. pluviale de opere
Anglicano, and payment is recorded to have
been made by his son Edward II. for a cope
which was to be sent to the pope as a present
from the queen. Royal gifts were also made
to churches of this country. An inventory *
of Canterbury Cathedral in 1315-16, records
the gift by Edward I. of a cope embroidered
with the Story of the Patriarch Joseph. The
inventories of this cathedral, as well as those
of London,! Lincoln, Peterborough, and
others, give evidence of an astonishing number
of embroidered vestments at that time in the
country.

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Al Pacino embroidery design

HE Reformation practically put
an end to ecclesiastical em-
broidery in England, and the
needlewomen thus lost their best
patron. Not only so, but the
skilful works of former times were, many of
them, alienated or destroyed. A large number
were taken abroad, and many were left behind
only to be burnt for the sake of the precious
metals used in the embroidery, or mutilated
to serve other purposes. The lists of Church
goods sold at the Reformation, include many
vestments which passed in this way into
private hands. " Many private men's par-
lours/' we are told, "were hung with altar-
cloths, their tables and beds covered with
copes, instead of carpets and coverlids."*
Embroideries thus transformed may still be
seen at Hardwick Hall, and in other English
mansions.

Sacra Famiglia embroidery design

Tradition assigns an earlier origin to another
pair, presented, together with other works of
art associated with the Denny family, by Sir
Edward Denny, Bart., to the Victoria and
Albert Museum in 1882. They are of leather,
with white satin gauntlets elaborately em-
broidered and enriched with numerous seed-
pearls. It is believed that they are the gloves
recorded to have been given by Henry VIII.
to Sir Anthony Denny, who was successively
Groom of the Stole, a Privy Councillor, and
an Executor of the King, and afterwards
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Edward VI. The design, however, seems to
point to a later origin, and it is perhaps more
likely that they are the pair given by James I.
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Norwich), who, as Sheriff of Hertfordshire,
received the king during his journey from
Scotland.

Repentance of St. Peter embroidery design

It represents, in a long series of scenes, the
history of the Norman conquest of England,
explanatory inscriptions in Latin being added
to the subjects throughout.

The scenes may be thus briefly described,
following the guidance of the Latin inscrip-
tions explaining each subject: (i)* King
Edward the Confessor seated on a throne,
addresses two persons, one of whom is
Harold ; (2) Harold rides to Bosham, and
(3) enters the church there ; (4) he sets sail,
and (5 and 6) lands in Ponthieu, (7) where he
is apprehended by Count Guy, (8) conducted
to Beaurain, and (9) imprisoned there ;
(10) Harold and Guy parley; (n) Duke
William's messengers come to Guy; (12)
William's messengers ; (13) a messenger
comes to Duke William, and (14 and 15)
Guy conducts Harold to the Duke, (16 and
17) and they both come to William's palace